Since the turn of the millennium the average electricity price for German household consumers has risen from 13.94 to 31.47 cents per kilowatt hour. That translates to a total power price increase of 126% or 6% per year on average. Included in the 31.47 cents are the costs of electricity generation, transportation and taxes.
Taxes and levies have tripled since 2000 [from 5.19 to 16.49 cents]. Today, the state’s burdens account for more than half of the electricity price [53%]. Grid charges account for almost 25%, and only the remaining 22% are used to actually generate the electricity.
53% of the power price for household consumers and small businesses in Germany consist of components determined by the government. These are different kinds of small fees [approx 3%], a renewable energy surcharge [EEG levy 23.6 %] and other kinds of taxes [eg. GST and electricity tax]. The renewable energy surcharge that pays producers the state-guaranteed price for renewable energy and has been set to 6.76 cents per kWh for 2020.
Commercial and industry consumers are exempt from some components of the power price [EEG levy, grid charge] to a varying degree. In 2019 they only paid 15 cents per kWh on average. These subsidies increase the price for the remaining customers [household and small businesses].
Because of an increase in grid charges and the EEG levy by the end of 2019 more than half of the electricity suppliers  increased their prices by Ø 7% in the first 6 months of 2020, which affects around 7 million households. Further price adjustments are expected so that the upward trend will continue.
Electricity Price Germany
Taxes, levies, surcharges
|2020||31.47||53 %||25 %||22 %|
|2019||30.43||53 %||24 %||23 %|
|2018||29.42||54 %||25 %||21 %|
|2017||29.16||55 %||26 %||19 %|
|2016||28.69||54 %||24 %||22 %|
|2015||28.68||52 %||23 %||25 %|
|2014||29.14||52 %||23 %||25 %|
|2013||28.84||50 %||23 %||27 %|
|2012||25.89||45 %||24 %||31 %|
|2011||25.23||45 %||23 %||32 %|
|2010||23.69||41 %||25 %||34 %|
|2009||23.21||38 %||25 %||37 %|
|2008||21.65||39 %||27 %||34 %|
Cost of electricity per kwh in €-Cent
Average household electricity use [consumption] in Germany
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